Answering Iglesia Ni Cristo 

What manner of man?

The Iglesia Ni Cristo, 'Christ of Christ,' was founded in the Philippines in 1914 by Felix Y. Manalo, a self-professed prophet. While they pretend to believe in the Bible, they reject the Bible teaching that Jesus Christ is God:

  • "Jesus Christ, the Son of God - The Iglesia Ni Cristo believes in Jesus Christ as the Son of God. God made Him Lord and Savior. He is the only Mediator of man to God. Jesus Christ is holy and a very special man but not God."
  • (Iglesia Ni Cristo official website).

A "very special man," but not God? What saith the scriptures?

Jesus Christ is God!

Jesus Christ is God!

The Son is God.

Your Throne, O God The Work of Your Hands Let Angels Worship
True God Express Image Visible and Invisible
For Himself Son of God Kiss the Son
A Son is born Honor the Son Only-begotten God
Pantocrator Believe on the Son Only Savior
The Dead were Judged Everlasting to Everlasting

Jesus is Jehovah.

A Voice Crying Temple Visitor Stone of Stumbling
The Rock of Israel The First and the Last Lord of all
The LORD our Righteousness Holy, holy, holy Captivity Captive
House of David Answered prayers With all His saints
Israel's Savior Giver of Life Every Knee Shall Bow
Pastoral Supply I send you prophets Who forgives sin
I am He He is Lord Call upon the Name
Doxology God with Us Lawgiver
Great Shepherd You Only Lawful worship
Builder I AM THAT I AM Moses' Veil
Wine Press Lord Willing Secret Things
Boasting Excluded King of Israel Fount of Living Waters
Searches the Heart Till Death Do us Part Angel of the LORD
Take Refuge Has Reigned On His Forehead
Me Whom they have Pierced Stretched Out My Hands Head
Keeper of Israel The Amen

Jesus Christ is God.

The Eyes of the Blind Thought it not Robbery Eternally Blessed God
Fulness of the Godhead Great God and Savior Faith in Him
Redeemed King of Kings Spirit of Christ
Destroyed by Serpents Lord of Glory Renewed in the Image
New Jerusalem's Lamp Now is Christ risen Upholding all Things
Light to the Gentiles My Companion Miracles
Prosecutors' Indictment Sun of Righteousness Thirty Pieces
Testator's Death Author of Life The Blood of God
My Lord and My God One Mystery of godliness
God was in Christ The Word was God Shared Glory
Omniscience Omnipotence Omnipresence
Change Not Yesterday, Today and Forever Whose Hand?
Not of Man Receive my Spirit Believe in God
Only Holy Sole Proprietor Priests
Walk on the Water

They deny, not only the deity, but the eternity of the Son. Where was 'the Son' in the Old Testament?  He's in there!  "Who has ascended into heaven, or descended?  Who has gathered the wind in His fists?  Who has bound the waters in a garment?  Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son's name, if you know?" (Proverbs 30:4).

"'Look!' he answered, 'I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire; and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.'" (Daniel 3:25).

The Son of God: Eternal God or beginning in time?

Eternal Son

The Son: Eternal God or Beginning in Time?

The Vineyard Without beginning of days
From Everlasting Same Yesterday, Today and Forever
Behold, I come With the Father
Eternal Life Son of God
By Him all things were created In the Beginning
Thy throne Mind in Christ
Before me My Redeemer
First and Last Before Abraham was
Enduring Love Downward Mobility
Beginning Where He was before
Came down from Heaven In the Wilderness
Temple Vision The Firstborn
The Word Stands Forever From the Womb
At the Beginning of His way The Reproach of Christ
Root and Offspring Sons and Slaves
The Ending of the Sonship?

The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple, William Holman Hunt
The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple, William Holman Hunt

Worship One

Rather bizarrely, the Iglesia ni Cristo teach their acolytes that Jesus Christ is a mere man. . .and that they ought to worship Him! Is that recommended?:

  • "Put no more trust in man, who has only the breath in his nostrils. What is he really worth?
  • (Isaiah 2:22 HCSB).

We certainly must worship Jesus; even the angels are commanded to do so:

"When He again brings His firstborn into the world, He says, 'And all God's angels must worship Him.'" (Hebrews 1:6 HCSB).

But if we do what the Bible commands, according to Iglesis ni Cristo, we are worshipping a creature, which we are not to do: "They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served something created instead of the Creator, who is praised forever. Amen." (Romans 1:25). A created angel will refuse worship:

"Then I fell at his feet to worship him, but he said to me, 'Don't do that! I am a fellow slave with you and your brothers who have the testimony about Jesus. Worship God. . ." (Revelation 19:10 HCSB).

Paul and Barnabas, mere men, were appalled when they were worshipped by ignorant pagans: "Now when the people saw what Paul had done, they raised their voices, saying in the Lycaonian language, “The gods have come down to us in the likeness of men!” And Barnabas they called Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker. Then the priest of Zeus, whose temple was in front of their city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, intending to sacrifice with the multitudes. But when the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard this, they tore their clothes and ran in among the multitude, crying out and saying, “Men, why are you doing these things? We also are men with the same nature as you, and preach to you that you should turn from these useless things to the living God, who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all things that are in them, who in bygone generations allowed all nations to walk in their own ways." (Acts 14:11-16 NKJV). But when Thomas called Jesus 'My Lord and my God,' Jesus was not appalled, He did not rip His garments. See how one false teaching leaves them in a thicket of contradictions!

Thrice Holy Radio!

The Angel of the LORD

Who is the theophanic Angel of the LORD?  He says that He is God: “Moreover He said, 'I am the God of your father—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'” (Exodus 3:6). Is He Who He says He Is, or an imposter?

Theophanic Angel
 Who is the theophanic Angel?

Jesus Christ: Creator or creature?

The Iglesia Ni Cristo alleges that God the Father only is the creator, not the Son. What does the Bible teach about the Son of God: Creature or creator?:

Jesus Christ is the Creator!
  Jesus Christ: Creator or creature?

The First Page
The Last Page

The First Page of the Bible.

The Last Page of the Bible.

Iglesia Ni Cristo is a post-colonial mish-mash which includes elements from various traditions, including Seventh-Day Adventism, whose teaching of 'soul-sleep' somehow got into the mix. Is this concept Biblical?

Soul Sleep

  • “And Jesus said to him, “'Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.'”
  • (Luke 23:43).
Soul Sleep

What happens when we die? Do those of us who love the Lord go to be with Him?

Absent from the Body To Depart is Better
Dead Lion Never Die
God of the Living Abraham's Bosom
Moses and Elijah Thief on the Cross

Iglesia ni Cristo denies the deity not only of the Son, but of the Holy Spirit. Is this Biblical?:

The Holy Spirit is God.

Diversities of Gifts Dwelling Place Temple
Not by Might Deep Things Ananias and Sapphira
Children in the wilderness Creator By Inspiration of God
Holy, holy, holy Blasphemy According to His will
Be Strong Sanctification Born Again
The Lord Signature Father and Son
Our Abode Eternal Spirit Today
Where can I flee? Omniscience Spirit of Jehovah
Love of God Seven Spirits Good Teacher

Holy Spirit: Impersonal Force?

In Christian orthodoxy the Holy Spirit is the third person of the trinity. By contrast, Iglesia Ni Cristo claims the Holy Spirit is the 'power' of God. What saith the scriptures?:

The Doctrine of the Trinity

What is the doctrine?:

“Christ and the Apostles are united in teaching how many and who is the real God. Similar to other true Christians, according to Apostle Paul, there is only one God, the Father—not the Son and more so not the Holy Spirit. The Apostles also did not teach that there is one God who has three personas who are also Gods.”
(Pasugo (November 1968)).

In what sense is the Trinity Biblical doctrine? In this sense:

Biblical Proof:

The four propositions proven above: that

a.) There is only One God;
b.) The Father is God;
c.) The Son is God;
d.) The Holy Spirit is God.

— are at the heart of the fifth-century Athanasian Creed: "So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God.  And yet they are not three gods: but one God."  The two points which embarrass the Iglesia ni Cristo — c.) and d.) — are every bit as solidly scriptural as is their favorite, b.).

"I have seen God face to face"

The church sings, "Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, God in three persons, blessed Trinity!" Is this language Biblical?

God in Three Persons?    

Is Person a Biblical Word?

The First Time Boethius
What does it Mean? Face to Face
The Father and the Son The Holy Spirit
Express Image To Each His Own
Men and Angels Persona
Thrice Holy Who are the 'God-people'?
Separate or Distinct? Bible Terminology
Individuals God-beings

Is the Trinity Pagan?

Pagan Trinity?
Pagan Affinities Alexander Hislop
Changing God Masked Gods
Hindu Modalist Trinity Plato
Plotinus Jehovah's Witnesses
Isis, Osiris and Typhon Zeus, Hera and Athena
At Random Jupiter, Mars and Venus
Diana Bus Herds

Iglesia Ni Cristo alleges that the Father-only is the true God. Is this teaching Biblical?:

Is God the 'Father-only'?

Is God the Father-only?

  • "Absolute oneness of God the Father - The Church believes in the teaching of Christ and the apostles that the Father, the Creator, alone is the true God."
  • (Iglesia Ni Cristo official website).

"My Father is Greater than I":

In John 14:28, Jesus said, "My Father is greater than I." Does this mean that Jesus is a mere man, and not God?

Humbled Himself
The Incarnation

"My Father is greater than I."

"...the seed of Abraham."

The Word was God Identity
Philo Judaeus Creation
Anomalies Life-Giver
Interaction Theophanic Angel
God's Reason God's Wisdom

The Logos


A common form of proof of God's triunity — His 'Three-in-One'ness — are the many instances where scripture ascribes one divine work indifferently to Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Creation, one case in point, is covered above in "The First Page". The principle: "With regard to the divine nature, on the other hand, it is otherwise. We do not learn that the Father does something on his own, in which the Son does not co-operate. Or again, that the Son acts on his own without the Spirit. Rather does every operation which extends from God to creation and is designated according to our differing conceptions of it have its origin in the Father, proceed through the Son, and reach its completion by the Holy Spirit." (Gregory of Nyssa, On Not Three Gods). More cases in point:

Who Raised Jesus from the Dead?
Who Authored Holy Writ?
Who Alone is Holy?
Who Sanctifies Believers?
Who Gives Eternal Life?
Who Supplies Pastors?
Who Draws Believers?
Who Regenerates Believers?
Who is the Comforter?
Tempting in the Wilderness
Who Created the World?

Divide and Conquer

“For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal and behaving like mere men? For when one says, “I am of Paul,” and another, “I am of Apollos,” are you not carnal?” (1 Corinthians 3:3-4).

Lest anyone think the doctrine of the Iglesia Ni Cristo represents a lifetime spent searching the scriptures and sifting false teaching from true, it is in fact a three-day project. The Iglesia Ni Cristo claims to be the restoration of the true church of God. Was the church of God ever lost?

Iglesia Ni Cristo offers the customary objections to the trinity, including the assertion that it is a Roman Catholic doctrine (the Philippines, country of origin for Iglesia Ni Cristo, is predominantly Roman Catholic). Their specific objections to the deity of Jesus Christ are far from novel, but go back to Muslim and Unitarian exexmplars: