- "God is light, for in the Psalms it is said 'The Lord is my light
and my saviour' (ps. xxvi (xxvii). 1); and not only light, but the archetype of every other light..." (Philo
Judaeus, De Somn. 1.75 quoted in C. H. Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel, p. 55.)
- "And it is easy otherwise by means of argument
to perceive this, since God is the first light, 'For the Lord is my light and my Savior'
[Psalm 27:1], is the language of the Psalms; and not only the light, but He is also the archetypal
pattern of every other light, or rather He is more ancient and more sublime than even the archetypal
model, though He is spoken of as the model; for the real model was his own most perfect Word, the
light, and he himself is like to no created thing." (Philo Judaeus, On Dreams, Book I, XIII, 75)."
- "But according to the third signification, when he speaks of the sun, he means the divine
Word, the model of that sun which moves about through the heaven, as has been said before,
and with respect to which it is said, 'the sun went forth upon the earth, and Lot
entered into Segor, and the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire.' [Genesis
19:23-24]." (Philo Judaeus, On Dreams, Book I, XV, 85).
- "When therefore you hear that God has been seen by man, you must consider that this is said without
any reference to that light which is perceptible by the external senses, for it is natural that that
which is appreciable only by the intellect should be presented to the intellect alone; and the
fountain of the purest light is God; so that when God appears to the soul He pours forth His
beams without any shade, and beaming with the most radiant brilliancy." (Philo
Judaeus, On the Change of Names, I, 6).
- "Do you think that you would be unable to look at the unmodified light of the sun? If you were to
try to do so, your sight would be extinguished by the brilliancy of his rays, and be wholly blinded
by a close approach to that luminary, before it could perceive anything, and yet the sun is only
one of the works of God, a portion of the heaven, a fragment of compressed aether, but you are
nevertheless able to gaze upon those uncreated powers which exist around Him, and emit the most
dazzling light, without any veil or modification?" (Philo Judaeus, On the Unchangeableness of God, XVII, 78).
- "...but to God, as dwelling in pure light, all things are visible; for He
penetrating into the very recesses of the soul, is able to see, with the most perfect certainty, what
is invisible to others..." (Philo Judaeus, On the Unchangeableness of God, VI, 29).